Every couple desires to have a child in their lives through the natural reproductive phenomenon. Of course, there were many possible conditions that both men and women sometimes face issues in the process. Medically, the issues termed as infertility. In this fatherly society, it is emotional distress for men to accept that they are unable to have children.

However, medicine has been far developed to treat many infertility problems in both male and female today. Here is an article that every man should read and know about male infertility and how to treat it.

male infertility treatment

What Is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is termed as the inability of a man to make his female partner pregnant. Medically, a man is less likely to make a fertile female conceive when the sperm count is less than 39 million per ejaculation. The fertility of a man is associated with the quantity and quality of his sperm. So sometimes, it may take years to make his partner conceive.

Of all infertility cases, 40% to 50% of infertility cases are accounting for infertility problems in men.

Sperm and testosterone are the two male sex hormones generated in the testicles. The sperm leaves the testicles and goes inside epididymis, which lies on top of testicles. At the time of ejaculation, the sperm is combined with some fluids and released from the seminal vesicles to form semen. Finally, this semen ejaculate out of the penis through the urethra.

What Causes Male Infertility?

Generally, male infertility caused due to low semen quality or deficiencies in the semen. It may also cause due to some underlying problem like hormonal imbalances, acquired or dilated veins around the testicles. In some cases, it results due to environmental factors, certain medical conditions and lifestyle habits, which include:

Environmental Factors Which Can Cause Infertility

Exposure to heat, toxins and chemicals can decrease the production of sperm and alters its function. Certain specific causes include:

Radiation or X-rays: If you get exposed to high doses of radiation, your sperm production may reduce permanently.

Industrial Chemicals: If you get exposed to specific chemicals like pesticides, benzene, herbicides, certain paint substances or specific organic solvents can result in low sperm counts, a condition of infertility.
Overheating of testicles: Hot tub bath for a long time, Sitting for a long period at one place, wearing tight-fitting clothes, working with laptop on laps for a long time might increase the temperature of your testicles which may result in less sperm production.

Medical Factors Which Can Cause Infertility

Male infertility might result due to several underlying health conditions and some medical problems, which include:

Varicocele: Enlargement of varicose veins in the scrotum. The exact reason that varicocele causes infertility is unknown, but it affects the quality, transport and the production of sperm.

Ejaculation problems: If the semen enters the bladder instead of the urethra, it leads to retrograde ejaculation. It may be a result of other health conditions diabetes, spinal injuries, medications, and surgery of the bladder, urethra etc.

Sexual Problems: Erectile dysfunction, painful sexual intercourse, premature ejaculation, hypospadias also lead to infertility problems in men.

Hormonal Problems: Hypogonadism, a condition of low testosterone levels and other hormonal problems have many underlying causes. Disorders of the testicles affecting other hormonal systems can lead to infertility in men.
Prior Surgeries: Previous surgeries like vasectomy, scrotal surgeries, inguinal hernia repairs, abdominal surgeries, prostate surgeries can prevent sperm ejaculation.

causes of infertility

Tumours: In some cases, tumours directly affect the glands that release reproductive hormones in male affect male fertility. When these tumours are treated by chemotherapy, radiation, or through surgery, they can also cause infertility problems.

Infections: Infections causing inflammation of the testicles or STD infections like gonorrhoea or HIV affects sperm production.

Genetic or Inherited Disorders: Inherited disorders like cystic fibrosis, Klinefelter’s syndrome and genetic problems such as Kallmann’s syndrome and Kartagener’s syndrome can also lead to infertility.

Some other causes like celiac disease, undescended testicles and some antibodies in the body that attack sperm can also affect the fertility of a man.

Lifestyle Factors Affecting Fertility Of Men

Smoking & Drinking Alcohol: Smoking can affect sperm count and drinking alcohol also lowers sperm production and decreases the testosterone levels causing erectile dysfunction.

Severe Depression or Stress: Studies say that severe depression in men might lead to erectile dysfunction, delayed ejaculation and sexual dysfunction. Emotional stress in men interfere in the functioning of certain hormones, which affects your sperm count.

Drug Abuse: Taking Anabolic steroids to improve your muscle strength can shrink the testicles and results in low sperm production.
Some other factors such as consuming cocaine, obesity or overweight, sitting for a long time also result in infertility.

Treatments for Male Infertility

Of course, the exact cause of the infertility problem in men is yet to find. Even though a specialist doctor might recommend some treatments or procedures to treat infertility in men.

The treatments for male infertility include:

Hypothalamic and pituitary deficiency: If the fertility problem is due to the hypothalamus and pituitary glands problems, then it can be restored by taking certain medications. The medication includes human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or combination with recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (rhFSH).

Azoospermia Treatment: It is a condition where the sperm is blocked somewhere in the path. The blockages are cleared through various surgical procedures.

Varicocele: It is a condition of swollen veins in the scrotum. Surgical treatment is just an option, but there’s no clear evidence that surgery improves fertility in men.

Epididymovasostomy: It is a microsurgical procedure performed to clear the blockage in the epididymis.

Vasovasostomy: It is a surgical procedure done to reverse the prior vasectomy surgery.

The fertility problem might be in male or female; we’ve got a perfect solution for you. A single consultation can set everything right for you. Just time and hope is what matters. So call us now, at Angels Fertility Center, we have a team of fertility specialists who has 100% success rate in treating fertility problems of both male and female.