Male infertility is one of the most ignored problems that can also be a major reason for the difficulty to conceive. The reasons for infertility in men can be different. In general, it can be due to a smaller number of sperms or inactive sperms, or blockages may also cause infertility. Apart from this, there can also be other reasons for male infertility ranging from lifestyle habits to using certain medications and due to some diseases.

In some cases, the reason for male infertility remains unidentified. One-third of fertility issues are due to male infertility, one third can be due to women’s infertility, and one third can be due to both partners.

Though the inability to become parents to a child can be devastating, stressful, and frustrating, there are several treatment options available to treat male infertility.

Causes of Male Infertility

The functioning of sperms and the production of sperms play a major role in male infertility. The most causes of infertility in men include the following:

  • Problems with the organs that produce sperm
  • Duct blockages that carry sperms
  • Hormonal problems such as testosterone replacement therapy
  • Medical history of high fever
  • Genetic disorders
  • Medical conditions such as cancer, cystic fibrosis, chemotherapy, etc.
  • Lifestyle habits such as alcohol consumption, smoking, and use of drugs
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals
  • Low sperm production
  • Any blockages that can obstruct the delivery of sperm
  • Illness and injuries
  • Unhealthy sperm
  • Poor sperm mobility
  • Varicoceles
  • Retrograde Ejaculation where semen moves in a backward direction in the body
  • Immunologic infertility where the antibodies in the body attack sperm

Common Signs and Symptoms of Male Infertility

The most common sign of male infertility is the inability to become parents. However, there can be other signs and symptoms.

If the male infertility is due to other medical problems such as hormonal imbalance, dilated veins, or blockage that obstructs the flow of sperm can show signs and symptoms. The common signs and symptoms include:

  • Difficulty with ejaculation such as the low quantity of fluid, reduced desire for sexual intercourse, and erectile dysfunction
  • Pain and swelling in the testicle 
  • Difficulty to smell
  • Respiratory issues that occur frequently
  • Breast growth
  • Reduced body or facial hair
  • Reduced sperm count than normal

Diagnosis for Male Infertility

Most of male infertility is due to issues with sperm production. Your doctor will evaluate your medical history and will conduct a physical exam to determine the factors that affect sperm production. With a physical exam, your doctor tries to identify any issues in the penis, testicles, varicoceles, etc. If required, he may also conduct a blood test and semen tests.

A semen test is used to understand the sperm production level and also about the functioning of sperm. It also helps the doctor to know about the sperm count, volume, and motility. By analysing the results, your doctor will determine your ability to conceive. If the semen test shows less sperm count, it does not mean that you are completely infertile, instead, it is an indication of some problems with sperm growth and delivery.

Treatment for Infertility in Men

The treatment for male infertility is based on the cause of infertility. Most of the issues or problems can be treated using medications and surgery.

The treatment options are broadly divided into non-surgical therapy, surgical therapy, and treatment for unknown causes. Most male fertility problems can be treated with medications. If the medications do not work, the doctor will go for surgery.

Male Fertility Treatment at Angels Fertility

Angels fertility has specialised fertility doctors who have years of experience in treating fertility problems in both males and females. Our evaluation begins with medical examinations of both partners. If we found some issues, we check if medications or surgery is required for you. Sometimes, lifestyle changes can improve fertility. If the issue cannot be treated, procedures such as intrauterine insemination or in-vitro fertilization are suggested to help you become parents. Do not delay and book your appointment today.