Many factors are affecting your fertility and preventing your chances of getting pregnant. Some problems are diagnosed with some usual fertility tests. Some causes of infertility are unknown. However, the technology in the medical field is expanding, so that most of the infertility problems are predictable now for treatment. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are such diagnostic procedures in the management of infertility problems.

Laparoscopy & hysteroscopy are the most common minimally invasive procedures either to diagnose a woman’s infertility problems or to correct issues causing infertility. They can be used as a diagnostic procedure and for operative purposes as well.

What Is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure which allows a surgeon to see inside body parts without open surgery. When Laparoscopy is part of fertility testing, it help’s the surgeon to evaluate the structures of the reproductive system, which includes the pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. The procedure involves inserting a small telescope-like device through a small incision near the belly button, and the visuals seen on a monitor.

laparoscopy hysteroscopy

What Is Hysteroscopy?

If you’re undergoing through heavy menstrual periods and severe cramping, then your reproductive health might have some problem, in some cases, the doctor might recommend hysteroscopy. It is also a minimally invasive procedure that involves the insertion of a hysteroscope(a thin tube with a light head) into your vagina for a closer look of your cervix and uterus to diagnose what’s causing fertility problems.

The Role OF Laparoscopy In Case Of Infertility

This is a procedure, where a small insertion is made near the belly, and a laparoscope is inserted through the insertion to diagnose fertility defects such as scar tissue, ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, reproductive cancers and other abnormalities associated with the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This procedure is called as diagnostic Laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is recommended mostly after completion of initial infertility evaluation on both male and female. Usually, It is performed soon after menstruation ends.

If the surgeon discovers any abnormalities, then diagnostic Laparoscopy can turn to operative Laparoscopy. Operative laparoscopy can help to treat many abdominal disorders safely through at the same time when the diagnosis is made. During operative laparoscopy, the surgeon inserts additional surgical instruments such as probes, grasping instruments, biopsy forceps etc, by making additional incisions. Some problems that are attempted to be repaired with operative Laparoscopy include adhesion removal around the fallopian tubes and ovaries, removal of fibroids, removing ovarian cysts, and treating ectopic pregnancies etc.

Endometriosis can also be removed from outside of the uterus or ovaries. Under certain circumstances, it can also remove fibroids on the uterus. Operative laparoscopy can also remove diseased ovaries and damaged fallopian tubes.

The Role OF Hysteroscopy In Case Of Infertility

Hysteroscopy is a reliable diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in the management of fertility problems. Hysteroscopy playing a key role in infertility and it has been developing its abilities with growing technology compared to other diagnostic modalities. Traditionally, hysteroscopy is used for both diagnostic and operative intervention for infertility problems like endometrial polyps, fibroids, uterine septum, intrauterine adhesions, submucous and pedunculated myomas.

During this procedure, a small hysteroscope is inserted through your cervix and advanced into your uterine cavity. There is no requirement of incisions on your skin. Like a laparoscope, the hysteroscope is a fibre optic system with a camera head, to view inside parts of the uterus. Carbon dioxide gas or fluid like saline is injected into the uterus during the procedure through the hysteroscope. It helps to expand the uterine cavity and provides clear visuals of the inside parts.

If any abnormalities found during the diagnosis, operative hysteroscopy can treat them. In this procedure, some other surgical instruments are inserted into the uterine cavity along with the hysteroscope. It helps to remove fibroids, scar tissue and polyps inside the uterus. Some other structural abnormalities like uterine septum can also be corrected through the hysteroscope.

Can Laparoscopy Increase The Chances Of pregnancy?

Laparoscopy not only allows the doctor to observe the problems inside your abdomen but also takes a biopsy of suspicious growths or cysts. The operative laparoscopic can treat the causes of infertility and increases the chance of becoming pregnant either naturally or with other fertility treatments.

Can Hysteroscopy Increase The Chances Of Conception?

Experts say that some studies have proven that removal of endometrial polyps, dilated fallopian, uterine fibroids with the help of hysteroscopy can improve fertility and increases pregnancy chances.

Can Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy Be Performed At The Same Time?

Fertility doctors look inside the uterine cavity with the help of hysteroscopy to find fertility issues. If they found any abnormal conditions, operative Laparoscopy or operative hysteroscopy procedure can correct the abnormalities at the same time. This helps to avoid the need for a second surgery.

To know more consult our fertility experts at Angels Fertility Clinic. We possess experienced fertility doctors who can help you out with any fertility problem.